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  3. Atmospheric Turbulence with Kolmogorov Spectra: Software Simulation, Real-Time Reconstruction and Compensation by Means of Adaptive Optical System with Bimorph and Stacked-Actuator Deformable Mirrors

Atmospheric Turbulence with Kolmogorov Spectra: Software Simulation, Real-Time Reconstruction and Compensation by Means of Adaptive Optical System with Bimorph and Stacked-Actuator Deformable Mirrors

  • Автор: I. Galaktionov, J. Sheldakova, V. Samarkin, V. Toporovsky, A. Kudryashov
  • Издательство: Photonics

 Atmospheric turbulence causes refractive index fluctuations, which in turn introduce extra distortions to the wavefront of the propagated radiation. It ultimately degrades telescope resolution (in imaging applications) and reduces radiation power density (in focusing applications). One of the possible ways of researching the impact of turbulence is to numerically simulate the spectrum of refractive index fluctuations, to reproduce it using a wavefront corrector and to measure the resultant wavefront using, for example, a Shack–Hartmann sensor. In this paper, we developed turbulence simulator software that generates phase screens with Kolmogorov spectra. We reconstructed the generated set of phase screens using a stacked-actuator deformable mirror and then compensated for the introduced wavefront distortions using a bimorph deformable mirror. The residual amplitude of the wavefront reconstructed by the 19-channel stacked-actuator mirror was 0.26 λ, while the residual amplitude of the wavefront compensated for by the 32-channel bimorph mirror was 0.08 λ.

Galaktionov I, Sheldakova J, Samarkin V, Toporovsky V, Kudryashov A. Atmospheric Turbulence with Kolmogorov Spectra: Software Simulation, Real-Time Reconstruction and Compensation by Means of Adaptive Optical System with Bimorph and Stacked-Actuator Deformable Mirrors. Photonics. 2023; 10(10):1147. https://doi.org/10.3390/photonics10101147