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Backstress Influence on the Formation Stress Field in Hydraulic Fracturing Experiments

  • Автор: E.V. Novikova, M.A. Trimonova, S.B. Turuntaev, E.V. Zenchenko, P.E. Zenchenko
  • Издательство: Geosciences

  This work presents an analysis of data obtained through unique laboratory experiments on hydraulic fracturing. In the experiments, sufficiently large artificial samples were used to model a reservoir. Thus, it was possible to simulate several wells simultaneously, given that hydraulic fracture was initiated in one of them. In addition, the setup construction provided a true triaxial stress–strain state. The setup allowed us to investigate parameters that are difficult to access in real conditions. The data processing based on six laboratory experiments on hydraulic fracturing showed discrepancies between the values of the minimum stresses calculated from the fracture closure pressure and the actual values known based on the experimental conditions. There was also a discrepancy between the theoretical values of the fracture breakdown pressure and those obtained through the experiments. This paper examines phenomena such as backstress as the main reasons for this discrepancy. Backstress is stress acting on the walls of a fracture or well and is caused by the filtered hydraulic fracturing fluid. The authors demonstrated that by taking into account this phenomenon, one can significantly reduce the differences between calculated and experimental values. Therefore, the authors call for the careful use of the standard theory when determining the stress state in real fields. 

E.V. Novikova, M.A. Trimonova, S.B. Turuntaev, E.V. Zenchenko, P.E. Zenchenko Backstress Influence on the Formation Stress Field in Hydraulic Fracturing Experiments. Geosciences 2023, 13, 153 https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences13060153