1. Научная деятельность
  2. Публикации
  3. Investigation of the Reaction of Schumann Resonances to Short Transient Geophysical Events Under the Influence of Atmospheric Electromagnetic Noise

Investigation of the Reaction of Schumann Resonances to Short Transient Geophysical Events Under the Influence of Atmospheric Electromagnetic Noise

  • Автор: Poklad Y.V., Ryakhovsky I.A., Gavrilov B.G., Ermak V.M., Kozakova E.N., Achkasov N.S.
  • Издательство: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres

  The interference of electromagnetic signals from lightning discharges in the frequency range below 100 Hz is the source of a global electromagnetic phenomenon in the Earth's atmosphere known as the Schumann resonance (SR). Changes in the parameters of SR signals caused by geophysical disturbances make it possible to study the state and dynamics of the lower ionosphere. When calculating the SR parameters, there are problems associated with the impact of electromagnetic interference of natural and anthropogenic origin. The main natural sources of interference are signals associated with the radiation of nearby lightning discharges, as well as the influence of the Alfvén ionospheric resonator. The paper presents a new method for calculating the SR parameters, which makes it possible to find the spectra distorted by interference, mention above, and exclude them from further processing. The developed technique significantly increased the temporal resolution of the obtained data on the frequency and amplitude of the SR. Due to this, it became possible to study the influence of fast heliogeophysical disturbances (such as solar X-ray flares) on the lower ionosphere and, as a consequence, on the parameters of the SR. An analysis of the experimental data made it possible to establish a linear dependence of the SR frequency on the logarithm of the X-ray flux in the range up to 0.2 nm during a class X solar flare.

Poklad, Y. V., Ryakhovsky, I. A., Gavrilov, B. G., Ermak, V. M., Kozakova, E. N., & Achkasov, N. S. (2022). Investigation of the reaction of Schumann resonances to short transient geophysical events under the influence of atmospheric electromagnetic noise. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127, e2022JD036820. https://doi.org/10.1029/2022JD036820