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  3. Modeling of the lower ionosphere during solar X‐ray flares of different classes

Modeling of the lower ionosphere during solar X‐ray flares of different classes

  • Автор: Bekker S.Z., Ryakhovsky I.A., Korsunskaya J.A.
  • Издательство: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

 

  This study presents the results obtained from modeling the lower ionosphere response to C-, M- and X-class solar X-ray flares. This model is based on a 5-component scheme for the ionization-recombination cycle of the ionospheric D-region. Input parameters for the plasma-chemical model under different heliogeophysical conditions corresponding to selected X-ray flares were determined by using data received from the AURA, SDO, and GOES satellites. Verification of the obtained results was carried out with use of ground-based radiophysical measurements taken at the geophysical observatory Mikhnevo. The results obtained from a comparison of the calculated and experimental radio wave amplitude variations along six European very low frequency (VLF) paths show that the average normalized root mean square error is similar to 7%, 14%, and 18% for C-, M-, and X-class flares, respectively. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the verification results for the VLF signal amplitude show good predictive capability of the model built for describing weak and moderate ionospheric disturbances.

Bekker, S. Z., Ryakhovsky, I. A., & Korsunskaya, J. A. (2021). Modeling of the lower ionosphere during solar X-ray flares of different classes. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 126, e2020JA028767. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JA028767