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  3. Seismogenic Patches in a Tectonic Fault Interface

Seismogenic Patches in a Tectonic Fault Interface

  • Автор: Ostapchuk A., Polyatykin V., Popov M., Kocharyan G.
  • Издательство: Frontiers in Earth Science

  Tectonic faults show rheological heterogeneity in interfaces, and the spectrum of their sliding regimes span a continuum from the slow-slip events to dynamic ruptures. The heterogeneity of the fault interface is crucial for the mechanics of faulting. By using the earthquake source locations, the complex structure of a fault interface can be reproduced at a resolution down to 50–100 m. Here, we use a declustered seismic catalog of Northern California to investigate structures of 11 segments of San Andreas, Calaveras, and Hayward faults. The cumulative length of all the segments is about 500 km. All the selected segments belong to subvertical strike–slip faults. A noticeable localization of sources near the fault cores is observed for all segments. The projection of earthquake sources to the fault plane shows severe inhomogeneity. Topologically dense clusters (seismogenic patches (SPs)) can be detected in fault planes. The longer the observation are, the more distinct are the clusters. The SPs usually cover about 10%–20% of the fault interface area. It is in the vicinity of SPs that earthquakes of magnitudes above 5 are usually initiated. The Voronoi tessellation is used to determine the orderliness of SPs. Distributions of areas of Voronoi cells of all the SPs obey the lognormal law, and the value of Voronoi entropy of 1.6–1.9 prevails. The findings show the informativeness of the background seismicity in revealing the heterogenous structure of a tectonic fault interface.

Ostapchuk A, Polyatykin V, Popov M and Kocharyan G (2022) Seismogenic Patches in a Tectonic Fault Interface. Front. Earth Sci. 10:904814. 

https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2022.904814